The Himalayas and the Tibetan Buddhist World (Gallery 12)
The Himalayas are the highest mountains in the world, and from them flow the major rivers of Asia. Surrounded by high peaks with only a few passes, the plateau of Tibet was home to people who developed their own distinct culture, which was highly influenced by Buddhism. That religion came to Tibet in two waves: from India, Nepal, and China in the seventh century, and again from India in the eleventh century. In addition to Tibetan art, this gallery contains objects from China and Mongolia that were created in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition. It also contains Hindu works from Nepal, and sculptures created by followers of the Bon tradition, which is native to Tibet and similar in many ways to Tibetan Buddhist art.