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Portrait of Maharaja Ranbir Singh
Place of Origin: India, former kingdom of Jammu and Kashmir
Date: 1850-1900
Materials: Opaque watercolors and gold on paper
Style or Ware: Company School
Dimensions: H. 10 3/4 in x W. 6 3/4 in, H. 27.3 cm x W. 17.1 cm (image); h. 14 in x W. 10 in, H. 35.6 cm x W. 25.4 cm (overall)
Credit Line: Gift of the Kapany Collection
Department: South Asian Art
Collection: Painting
Object Number: 1998.104
On Display: Yes
Location: Tateuchi Thematic Gallery

Description

Label:

This portrait represents Ranbir Singh (reigned 1856–1885), the Hindu maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. This painting was based on a photograph, which was a convention employed in portraiture during the 1800s. Indian monarchs, whether Sikh, Hindu, or Muslim, chose to wear their most splendid jewels and regalia, including Europeanstyle medals, when they sat for a photographer.

The British East India Company transferred the rule of Kashmir from the Sikhs to Maharaja Gulab Singh, a Hindu prince and Ranbir Singh’s father. Gulab Singh laid the territorial foundation for Jammu and Kashmir state through his military campaigns. Gulab Singh’s support for the British during the Anglo-Sikh wars was rewarded by a degree of political autonomy for this territory under company rule that many other principalities did not enjoy.


More Information

Exhibition History: "Saints and Kings: Arts, Culture, and Legacy of the Sikhs", Asian Art Museum, 3/10/2017 - 6/18/2017
Label:

This portrait represents Ranbir Singh (reigned 1856–1885), the Hindu maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir. This painting was based on a photograph, which was a convention employed in portraiture during the 1800s. Indian monarchs, whether Sikh, Hindu, or Muslim, chose to wear their most splendid jewels and regalia, including Europeanstyle medals, when they sat for a photographer.

The British East India Company transferred the rule of Kashmir from the Sikhs to Maharaja Gulab Singh, a Hindu prince and Ranbir Singh’s father. Gulab Singh laid the territorial foundation for Jammu and Kashmir state through his military campaigns. Gulab Singh’s support for the British during the Anglo-Sikh wars was rewarded by a degree of political autonomy for this territory under company rule that many other principalities did not enjoy.


Exhibition History: "Saints and Kings: Arts, Culture, and Legacy of the Sikhs", Asian Art Museum, 3/10/2017 - 6/18/2017